Technological Model
A second mock-up of the PAMELA instrument, the Technological Model (TM), was assembled to perform tests of electrical interfaces between PAMELA and the spacecraft and to verify no interference of residual magnetic field from the PAMELA spectrometer with the satellite instrumentation.  Technological Model May 2003
Technological Model April 2004  The TM was an exact copy of the Flight Model from the point of view of electrical connections to the satellite and for readout electronics boards, with the particle detectors partially substituted by dummies.

Tests were performed first in Rome, with the satellite emulated by an Electrical Ground Support Equipment (EGSE), then at TsSKB-Progress fully integrated into the Resurs DK1.

Technological Model April 2004